Dandruff, the dry flakes from scalp mingled with the hair, the irritation / itching of scalp and uncomfortable. I found dandruff on my head when i was 16 years old. There are various reasons put by doctors for dandruff.
Usually body cells die regularly. The cells at the scalp are also die and shed regularly. But, for those with dandruff this shedding is rapid and quick. This form flakes.
The falling of dead skin cells in the form of white/Grey patch is know as dandruff flakes. Dandruff is caused by fungus / fungal infection skin oil / sebum and metabolic by-products of skin micro organisms. Food and lack of nutrition, exposure to extreme hot and cold climate are also causes of dandruff. Cleanliness and hygiene is also important.
There are two other diseases with the same symptoms:
1. Flaking is a symptom of seborrheic dermatitis. Redness and itching is actually seborrheic dermatitis, and it frequently occurs around the folds of the nose and the eyebrow areas, not just the scalp.
2. Dry, thick, well-defined lesions consisting of large, silvery scales may be traced to the less common psoriasis (a skin disease) of the scalp.
Treatment of dandruff is done with Salicylic acid (used in Sebulex). This removes dead skin cells from the scalp and decrease the rate at which these cells are created. Zinc pyrithione kills pityrospora. Selenium sulfide achieves the results of both salicylic acid and zinc pyrithione.
Regular shampooing with an anti-fungal product can reduce recurrence.
I personally tried many dandruff shampoos and other organic and natural remedies. The shampoos include clinic all-clear and head & shoulders. I also tried medimix soap with out any good results. Head & shoulders and clinic all-clear are good in containing dandruff. I regularly use clinic all-clear. You should wash you hair with dandruff every day. If you forget the shampooing for a few days the itching will start.
Somebody recommended alo vera a naturally occurring tropical plant for dandruff. I will try siddha and Ayurveda to treat / cure dandruff. I don't think dandruff is hereditary, since nobody in my family have a history of dandruff. My parents and grand parents were free from dandruff. Anyway we can contain at least.